Principes Cognitifs
Cognitive Principles
Mary Major B.A.. soc./ psych



 

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The Power of Placebos | Patient's Sense of Control

- updated by the coach as material becomes available.

NEUROSCIENCE RUMINATING:

SCIENCE MATTERS
Margaret Talbot for N.Y. Times Magazine

The Power of Placebos

“Up to 75 per cent of patients get better without actually taking drugs or undergoing surgery. Sometimes a kind word is all that is needed.”
In an influential article first published in 1955, the Harvard researcher Henry Beecher concluded that between 30 and 40 per cent of any treated group would respond to a placebo. But  (studies since then have shown placebos working for certain conditions - Pain, depression, some heart ailments, gastric ulcers and other stomach complaints in closer to 50 or 60 per cent of subjects, sometimes more.)

A more modern example than psychoanalysis is provided by the technique of cognitive behavioural therapy,(CBT), which aims to teach the patient effective ways of examining and altering unwelcome ideas, such as the ‘automatic thoughts’ which plague people with depression. These thoughts, so-called because they seem to just pop into the mind, are overwhelmingly negative, featuring guilt, worthlessness, self-loathing, and even suicide. CBT helps the patient to stop and think.

Rather than negative thoughts being accepted unchallenged (and hence influencing mood and behaviour), the patient learns to regard them as a feature of the depression which need not be taken as seriously as ‘normal’ thoughts. Thus their influence on mood and behaviour can gradually be lessened. As we shall see later, the ability to stop and think is characteristic of all anti-totalitarian ‘intellectual currents’ and of resistance to totalitarian regimes. CBT aims to enhance this ability, and hence to bolster the patient’s sense of control".

Optimal Conditioning, trust, optimism and compassion. Harvard University Press

Reference: The Gazette, Sat Feb. 5, 2000

From the coach - for those suffering from IBS
please avoid consuming:

  • alcohol
  • caffeine
  • dairy products
  • high fats
  • over refined carbohydrates

IBS Self Help Group

l’Association des maladies gastro-intestinales fonctionnelles

 

Objectives Focused On In Our Group

  • Anger management
  • Anxiety
  • Assertiveness
  • Cognitive awareness
  • Distress tolerance training
  • Emotional regulation
  • Empathy training
  • Impulse control
  • Interpersonal skills / negotiating skills
  • Limit-setting
  • Self-management
  • Sensitivity-reduction
  • Symptom-management
  • Thought-stopping

 


 

Updates

14/11/11 -

 

 

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